Cybersecurity vs Data Security

Most people consider cybersecurity and data security (also known as "information security") to be interchangeable terms. These terms are frequently used interchangeably, and we are familiar with them. They are related in many ways, but there are significant differences between the two.

Let us examine the distinction between the two terms.

Before we begin, a quick primer on the term information security is in order. While the terms information security and cybersecurity are frequently used interchangeably, it appears that information security is more closely associated with the term data security.


What is Cybersecurity?

The practice of defending computers, servers, mobile devices, electronic systems, networks, and data from malicious attacks is known as cybersecurity. It's also referred to as information technology security or electronic data security. Implementing effective cybersecurity measures is especially difficult today because there are more devices than people and attackers are becoming more creative.

The term is used in a variety of contexts, ranging from business to mobile computing, and can be classified into a few general categories.

  • Network security 

Network security is the practice of defending a computer network against intruders, whether they are targeted attackers or opportunistic malware.

  • Application security 

Application security is concerned with keeping software and devices safe from threats. A compromised application may allow access to the data it is supposed to protect. Security begins in the design stage, long before a program or device is deployed.

  • Operational security

The processes and decisions for handling and protecting data assets are included in operational security. This includes the permissions that users have when connecting to a network as well as the procedures that govern how and where data can be stored or shared.

  • End-user education 

End-user education addresses the most unpredictably unpredictable aspect of cyber-security: people. By failing to follow good security practices, anyone can unintentionally introduce a virus into an otherwise secure system. It is critical for any organization's security to teach users to delete suspicious email attachments, not plug in unidentified USB drives, and a variety of other important lessons.

Why is Cybersecurity important?

Everyone benefits from advanced cyberdefense programs in today's connected world. A cybersecurity attack on an individual level can result in everything from identity theft to extortion attempts to the loss of important data such as family photos. Critical infrastructure, such as power plants, hospitals, and financial services companies, is used by everyone. It is critical to keep these and other organizations secure for our society to function.


What is Data Security?

Data security is the practice of safeguarding digital data throughout its lifecycle from unauthorized access, corruption, or theft. It's a concept that encompasses all aspects of information security, from hardware and storage device physical security to administrative and access controls, as well as the logical security of software applications.

Understanding the significance of data security will assist you in developing a strategy to safeguard that data. There are a variety of data security technologies and processes that can help your business stay productive while protecting data. The following are examples of data security controls:

  • Authentication

Authentication, in conjunction with authorization, is one of the most recommended methods for improving data security and preventing data breaches. Authentication software checks whether a user's credentials match those in your database. Passwords, PINS, security tokens, a swipe card, or biometrics are all used in today's standard authentication processes to identify an authorized user.

  • Backups & recovery

Prioritizing data security also necessitates developing a strategy for gaining access to your company's and clients' information in the event of a system failure, disaster, data corruption, or breach. Regular data backups are an important part of ensuring that access is possible.

Making a copy of your data and storing it on a separate system or medium, such as a tape, disk, or the cloud, is what a data backup entails. You can then use your backup to recover lost data.

  • Encryption

Data encryption software effectively improves data security by converting plaintext into encrypted ciphertext using an algorithm (called a cipher) and an encryption key. The cipher data will be unreadable by an unauthorized person.

  • Deletions & erasure

When electronic data is no longer required and must be permanently removed from the system, erasure can be used to overwrite the data, rendering it unrecoverable. Erasure is not to be confused with deletion, which is a process that simply hides data in a way that makes it easy to recover.

  • Data masking

Data masking software obscures data by using proxy characters to obscure letters and numbers. Behind the masking, the data is still there. Only when an authorized user receives the data does the software change it back to its original form.


Why is Data Security important?

Your company's data is a valuable asset that it creates, collects, stores, and exchanges. Protecting it from internal or external corruption and unauthorized access protects your company from financial loss, reputational damage, consumer confidence erosion, and brand erosion.

Furthermore, data security regulations imposed by the government and industry make it critical for your company to achieve and maintain compliance with these rules wherever it does business.

What's the difference between data security and cybersecurity?

So, if we're reading this correctly, data security appears to be a relatively narrow term that primarily refers to the data itself. Isn't that correct?

And cybersecurity is a broader term that encompasses both the data and the systems that allow it to be moved, stored, and authenticated. 

Cybersecurity

Data Security

It focuses solely on cyber threats.

Views the security landscape from a mile high.

Is taught how to think like a hacker.

Deals with data security in the face of any threat.

Develops thorough knowledge of malicious software.

Unauthorized access/modification/disruption is monitored.

Work as the first line of defense  

To recover data


Despite the fact that both of these fields began as separate entities, they are rapidly merging and becoming more advanced.

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